Piazza di Spagna



History: Plaza Espanya takes its name from the Spanish embassy of the Holy See in this area.Since it was redesigned in its present form in the 17th century, the square has been an important meeting place and centre of social life.The Spanish Steps, which connect the square with the church of Trinità dei Monti, were built between 1723 and 1725, designed by architect Francesco de Sanctis and financed by French diplomat Etienne Geffier.

Cultural significance: Piazza di Spagna is one of the most iconic and photographed sites in Rome.An important meeting place for Romans and tourists alike, it is surrounded by elegant palazzi, exclusive boutiques and historic cafés.The square inspired artists, poets and writers and became the centre of Rome’s cultural life.The British Romantic poet John Keats lived and died in the house next to the steps.Now it is a museum commemorating that house.

Architectural features: The Scalinata di Trinità dei Monti (Spanish Steps) consists of 135 steps and is one of the most beautiful monumental staircases in Rome.At the foot of the steps is the Fontana della Barcaccia, designed by Pietro Bernini and his son Gian Lorenzo Bernini.The fountain is in the shape of a semi-submerged boat, symbolising the overflow of the Tiber River.The two-towered church of Trinità dei Monti rises above the steps and offers panoramic views of the city.

Events and activities: Plaza Espanya is a popular venue for cultural events, fashion shows and celebrations.In spring the steps are decorated with azaleas, creating a spectacular floral scene that attracts many tourists.The square is also the starting point for exploring Rome’s shopping streets, including Via Condotti, one of the city’s most luxurious streets.